is the one of the oldest early humans on our family tree. Individuals of this species were approximately the size of a chimpanzee and had small teeth with thick enamel, similar to modern humans. Because of its novel combination of ape and human traits, the researchers gave a new genus and species name to these fossils, our early ancestors—but we keep learning more! Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Ii Fascicule a-Sciences De La Terre Et Des Planetes 332, 137-144. Paleoanthropologists are constantly in the field, excavating new areas with groundbreaking technology, and continually filling in some of the gaps about our understanding of human from Kenya - Recent discoveries push back human origins by 1.5 million years. Other suggested reading: Pickford, M., Senut, B., Gommery, D., Triel, J., 2002. Bipedalism in Orrorin tugenensis revealed by its femora. This article explores dominant discourses surrounding male and female genital cutting.
However, although critiques of female circumcision have been widely taken up, general public opinion toward male circumcision remains indifferent.Buffon's Iron Sphere Experiments- On the basis of iron sphere cooling experiments, Frenchman Georges de Buffon estimated that the Earth would have needed 75,000 years to cool to its present temperature.The quantitative approach is admirable, but Buffon's assumptions are flawed. Silicate minerals have lower heat conductivity than steels and are better insulators leading to slower cooling rates.This difference cannot merely be explained by the natural attributes and effects of these practices.Rather, attitudes toward genital cutting reflect historically and culturally specific understandings of the human body.
In particular, I suggest that certain problematic understandings of male and female sexuality are deeply implicated in the dominant Western discourses on genital surgery.